In this blog, we have discussed in detail why QA automation testing has become a great career option in 2022 and what skills you will require to become a testing engineer.
But First, Let’s Understand What Quality Assurance Automation Testing Is.
Quality Assurance means delivering a product that is free of bugs and errors and meets the specific requirements of the customer. And Software Testing is what makes it possible.
Initially, products were tested manually with humans sitting in front of a screen to critically test the software. Since businesses are using some form of automation in every area of their enterprise, software testing is no exception.
Automation testing is gaining prominence worldwide. According to reports by GlobalNewsWire, “The global automation testing market is expected to grow from USD 20.7 billion in 2021 to USD 49.9 billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 19.2% during the forecast period.”
Automation Testing is the software testing technique that automates the manual process of reviewing and validating a software product. Automation Testing provides a myriad of benefits in terms of efficiency, productivity, and ROI of quality assurance teams.
Moreover, it enables a higher level of test coverage as test suites can be reused, and thus, delivers results much faster and minimise the time to market of the products.
The Automation Testing Software can:
Input data into the system under test
Compare expected and actual results
Generate detailed test reports
Improve accuracy of test results
Determine build stability
How It Works:
The product development cycle requires executing the same test suite over and over. A test automation tool helps automate repetitive processes by recording the test suite and re-playing it to test the product as and when required.
According to Talent.com, automation test engineers' average starting salary is INR 5 LPA.
Clearly, testing automation is and will continue to be a popular career choice for professionals in the IT industry.
What Does a Test Automation Engineer Do?
A test automation engineer writes the code to automate multiple functional tests like UI/Load Testing. These tests are designed to determine if the software works and operates as it should. Automation tests also help ensure the quality of the software at every stage of the product life cycle.
These test codes can be written in OOP (Object-Oriented Programming) languages like Java, Ruby, PHP, C#, Python, and more.
The process of writing code for software and tests is fairly similar. This is why most test automation jobs are taken by programmers who have basic programming skills. These skills, however, can be honed by taking various courses in QA Automation. If you’re just starting out, beginner courses are a great help!
What Skills Do You Need to Start a Career as a QA Automation Test Engineer?
Basic Understanding of at Least One Programming Language
An automation testing job demands basic coding skills to write test cases. Automation testing tools have automated test scripts that are written in different programming languages such as Java, C#, Ruby, PHP, Python, etc. Thus, a basic understanding of programming languages is important to write test scripts and design automation frameworks.
Knowledge of Automation Testing Tools
If you see yourself working as a QA automation tester, you need to have a basic knowledge of an automation testing tool. Some of the most popular automation tools are Test Complete, Selenium, Katalon, and Cucumber.
Critical Analytical Skills
An efficient software tester should have critical analytical skills. These skills help break down a complex software system into smaller segments for a better understanding. These smaller units help create better test cases, thus making critical analysis an essential skill for a QA automation test engineer.
Efficient Communication Skills
Communication skills are an essential requisite for all IT and non-IT professionals. Good software testers require effective written and verbal communication skills to create reports that are easy to read and understand. In case of bugs and other issues, the QA tester also needs to communicate with developers, with a little discretion and diplomacy. Communication skills are thus critical to the job.
Testing Tools in Demand for 2022
Selenium for Web Automation:
Selenium lets you create more complex and advanced automation scripts. Parallel test execution is another reason why you should take up learning Selenium.
The tool is exclusively aimed at enhancing user experience supremely. It supports a diverse array of programming languages and enables code execution on a multitude of frameworks. The code can be written in simple English.
Katalon Studio :
Beginners can comfortably rely on Katalon. With hundreds of built-in keywords, creating test cases is extremely simple. Katalon can be integrated with a variety of other tools such as Jira, Kobiton, Git, Slack, etc.
A comprehensive cloud-based tool, TestSigma is a choice for modern and agile testing teams. The AI-powered testing tool also works with simple English and is ideal for mobile and web apps, and API Testing alike.
TestComplete automates UI testing across diverse desktop applications like Java, Windows 10, WPF, and .Net. TestComplete allows reusing tests for frameworks like React and Angular. TestComplete supports more than colossal 2050 browsers.
Businesses in the post-Covid world are relying more and more on automation to improve the efficiency of business processes. Thus, it’s safe to say that starting a career in this field now makes more sense than ever.
About SkillStone :
SkillStone is an initiative by Grazitti Interactive, giving you an edge in landing your most coveted job. If you’re starting out a career in QA Automation, our beginner training courses in QA Automation will get the ball rolling.